Equestrian Worlds Passion for horses
The horse is a perisodactyl mammal of the family of equines, herbivorous, quadruped and long and arched neck. The female of the horse is called mare and the young colts if they are males, and filly if they are females. Horse breeding and utilization by man is known as equine or equine breeding, and his domestication dates back at least to the Bronze Age.
By Alvaro López.- Publisher Editor EDICIONES ICONO.- The Latin term to denominate the horse was equus3 while caballus, which derived in the word “horse”, is a late Latin term, possibly of Celtic origin, meaning “castrated horse” «Mare» comes from the feminine of equus, «equa». Young animals in general were called pullus, textually “chickens”, which gave rise to a vulgar Latin word pulliter, pullitri which would be derived from “foal” or “foal”. Bronze age remains have been found, mouthpieces and harness pieces, which prove that the horse was already domesticated at this time. This domestication centuries later allowed, after the discovery of America, that the horses were reintroduced by the Spanish conquerors in the continent that saw them arise.
The height of the horses, as in the other quadrupeds, is measured to the cross, where they meet the shoulder blades, that is to say the point where the neck is joined with the back on the horse. This point is chosen as a stable height that can not rise or fall like the head or neck.
The size of the horses varies considerably among different breeds, and is also influenced by nutrition. According to their size the horse races are usually divided into three groups:
Heavy or shot;
Lightweight or chair;
Ponies and miniature races.
The height of saddle horses or light horses usually ranges between 142 and 163 cm and their weight ranges between 380 and 550 kilograms. The largest saddle horses have a height from 157 cm and reach up to 173 cm, weighing around 500 to 600 kg. Shooting or heavy races generally measure from 163 to 183 cm and can weigh between 700 and 1000.
Horses can read emotions on the human face
Horses can recognize different human facial expressions and distinguish emotions such as joy and anger, a new study reveals. In an experiment at the University of Sussex, the results of which were published on Wednesday by the journal Biology Letters, researchers analyzed the reaction of 28 horses after presenting photographs with the face of a male that showed both positive and negative feelings.
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